Friedrich took the genre of landscape painting, traditionally considered unimportant, and infused it with deep religious and spiritual significance. His reputation was in decline by the time of his death as the Romantic movement gave way to Realism. As Romanticism called for, Friedrich demonstrated piety to God through nature, the diminished strength of man in the larger scale of life, and great emotion. When friends and family have checked in on me these past months, I’ve occasionally told them I’m worried about my heart. Caspar David Friedrich was a 19th-century German Romantic landscape painter, generally considered the most important German artist of his generation. Image via Wikimedia Commons. Caspar David Friedrich changed the face of landscape paintings with his intense and emotional focus on nature, and became a key member of the Romantic Movement. Summary of Caspar David Friedrich. After reading the Friedrich biographies available for free online, I discovered that he was heavily acquainted with tragedy. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Caspar-David-Friedrich, Web Gallery of Art - Biography of Caspar David Friedrich, Art Encyclopedia - Biography of Caspar David Friedrich, Caspar David Friedrich - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Biography of Caspar David Friedrich The sixth of ten children, Caspar David Friedrich was born into a strict Lutheran family. Though he was taught by many painters, the school did not offer a course in painting. His first important oil painting, The Cross in the Mountains (c. 1807; also called the Tetschen Altarpiece), established his mature style, characterized by an overwhelming sense of stillness and isolation, and was an attempt to replace the traditional symbology of religious painting with one drawn from nature. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_works_by_Caspar_David_Friedrich Think you know your artists? von Goethe’s approval and half of the prize from the Weimar Art Society in 1805. Image via Wikimedia Commons. In 1835 he suffered a stroke from which he never recovered, and a second stroke in 1837 caused him almost complete paralysis. Caspar David Friedrich, (born September 5, 1774, Greifswald, Pomerania [now in Germany]—died May 7, 1840, Dresden, Saxony), one of the leading figures of the German Romantic movement. He became familiar with tragedy at an early age, losing his mother when he was seven, and two sisters to childhood illnesses. Caspar David Friedrich, The Cemetery Entrance, 1825. Black Friday Sale! He is best known for his mid-period allegorical landscapes which typically feature contemplative figures silhouetted against night skies, morning mists, barren trees or Gothic ruins. 3. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Caspar David Friedrich was a highly significant German artist from the 19th century who was most famous for his work within the genre of landscape painting. Caspar David Friedrich, detail of The Cemetery Entrance, 1825. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Image via Wikimedia Commons. Omissions? Caspar David Friedrich, (born September 5, 1774, Greifswald, Pomerania [now in Germany]—died May 7, 1840, Dresden, Saxony), one of the leading figures of the German Romantic movement. Premium Membership is now 50% off! Friedrich studied from 1794 to 1798 at the Copenhagen Academy, one of the most progressive art schools of the day. Try to remember if these famous names were painters or architects. Updates? Caspar David Friedrich (5 September 1774 – 7 May 1840) was a 19th-century German Romantic landscape painter, generally considered the most important German artist of his generation. Corrections? As Romanticism called for, Friedrich demonstrated piety to God through nature, the diminished strength of … Diferentemente, Caspar David Friedrich recusa-se veementemente, do mesmo modo que van Gogh duas gerações mais tarde, a uma correspondente retomada de temas bíblico-religiosos na pintura e concentra-se, ao invés disto, na natureza - num significado religioso-espiritual.